Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. (QS Al-Baqarah 2:255)
Abu Hurairah narrated that Prophet Muhammad SAW said;
Eveything has its splendour, and the splendour of the Quran is Surah al-Baqarah. In it is a verse which is the greatest verse of the Quran: Ayatul Kursi [Hadith Tirmidhi]
Most of us know that Ayatul Kursi is the greatest verse in the Quran. We are taught to read it whenever we feel scared or lost, happy or grateful. Apart from the Hadith mentioned above, there are also various other Hadiths that tell us its importance and benefits. But have you ever wondered why this verse is the greatest ayah of the Quran and has many virtues associated with it?
It is one of those verses that are memorized by almost all Muslims around the world, because of its virtues. It is profound in meaning because it contains a strong message of Tawheed (the Oneness of Allah) and describes the greatest attributes of Allah SWT among which are listed below;
There is no deity worthy of worthy except Allah SWT, the Ever Living, the Sustainer of (All) Existence
In the beginning of this verse we testify about the Oneness of Allah SWT the Lord Almighty, and that no one diverse to be worshipped except Him. This is the most important part of a Muslim’s faith. He is The One who Sustains, He is Ever Lasting, nothing can last without His will and He alone is enough for everything in the entire universe.
When we recite this verse, understand its meaning and properly mean it in our hearts, we accept His supreme status and authority over everything else.
Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep
Allah SWT is Ever-Noticing of every single thing that is happening around the world and in the entire universe. He is neither negligent nor unaware. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep thus His knowledge is complete and nothing can be hidden from him.
To Him belongs whatever is in the Heavens and whatever is on the Earth
We live in a modern world where technologies have exceeded what we once imagined but yet we cannot even come close to the Might of Allah SWT. His powers extend far beyond what we can ever imagine. Everything that exists in the Heavens and in the far corners of the Earth is owned by Allah SWT. This includes us humans which means that our lives are in the custody of Allah the Lord Almighty. Eventually we will all return to Him.
Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?
This part of ayatul Kursi emphasizes Allah SWT’s greatness, pride, and grace and that no one can intervene with Him for anyone, except by His permission. So as His slaves, we should not worship anyone else except Him, neither should we hope from anyone else except Him.
He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them
Allah SWT has complete knowledge about what has happened in the past, what is happening to him in this World, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. Not a single leaf leaves its tree without His knowledge. His wisdom is inconceivable and absolute about everything and He is never forgetful
His Kursi extends over the Heavens and the Earth
The greatness of Al-Kursi is clearly stated in the Hadith in which the Prophet SAW said,
“The seven Heavens and the seven Earths by the side of al-Kursia re naught but a ring thrown down in a desert land, and such is al-Kursi with respect to Al-‘Arsh (the Throne).” [Reported by Ibn Abee Shaybah (Al-‘Arsh, 58), and by Al-Baihaqi (Al-Asmaa’ was-Sifaat, 862) with both narrations being from the way of Abee Thar].
Allah SWT manages the entire universe perfectly without getting tired or feeling burdened. Rather, this is an easy matter for Him. Everything that seems so significant to us are small and modest before His eyes as He is the Lord Almighty who has supreme power over all things, and He is worthy of all praise.